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Generating PAM4 Signaling For Receiver Compliance Testing

Generating PAM4 Signaling For Receiver Compliance Testing PAM4 Signaling Overview PAM4 signaling has gained popularity over the past few years with serial data rates approaching 56Gb/s per channel. This more bandwidth efficient 4-level signal modulation technique (compared to the simpler 2-level signal modulation technique (PAM2) that is most commonly referred to as NRZ) avoids the […]

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PRBS Generators

The ADSANTEC family of PRBS generators provides the generation of high fidelity pseudo-random binary sequence (2n-1 format) data signals for testing high speed components. These low cost, compact generators cover a frequency range from 10 kb/s to 64 Gb/s, with amplitudes up to 1.6 V pp differential and low jitter, fast rise/fall times. The PRBS […]

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Is A Coupler The Same As A Power Divider?

Couplers and power dividers are two of the most fundamental components of electronic devices used for the transmission and reception of radio waves. They both are classified as passive Radio Frequency (RF) components and can be found in almost every electronic device that is used for telecommunication purposes. Many people think that couplers and power […]

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Why We Need Logic Level Converters

There are instances when a system designer is utilizing numerous components whose power supply levels don’t match. In most cases, AC coupling of the parts together while incorporating resistive networks to set proper voltage bias points if needed is utilized. This kind of strategy doesn’t work though when the signaling in between the two parts […]

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Why Do We Need Analog To Digital Converters?

Any physical signal, such as a sound, or a light, or a voltage, is considered an analog signal. The thing about analog signals is that they are infinite in nature. There are infinite numbers of sounds we can hear, there are infinite colors to perceive, and there are infinite numbers between the 1 and 2. […]

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All About Application-Specific Integrated Circuits (ASIC)

An application-specific integrated circuit (ASIC) is a custom-made integrated circuit designed only for a specific use, and not intended for general purpose. They are used in a number of fields such as automotive, medical, telecommunication and industrial sector. An ASIC chip is used in modems, satellites, Bitcoin miners, voice recorder equipment, etc. ASIC has changed […]

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